XXI century technologies protect borders
The tasks of drafting border protection strategy, upgrading Russian transport corridors, and determining short-term prospects in the sphere were first raised in 2002 when state border-crossing points demanded immediate reconstruction as they were last equipped yet in the ‘60s of the past century. The federal goal-oriented program State Border of the Russian Federation for 2003-2010 appeared as a result. President of the Techno Group of Companies Alexander Nalivayev, who participated in the implementation of the State Border program, speaks about the results of the many-year work and prospects for the near future.
Alexander V. Nalivayev is the president of the Techno Group of Companies. Born in 1968 in Leningrad he fought in the Afghan war and was decorated with the Red Star Order, the medal For Combat Merits, and the Demining sign. He has been heading the Techno Group of Companies since its creation. In the past years he promoted reliable partnership relations in new business conditions. In 2009 the Russian Federal Customs Service awarded him the medal For Enhanced Customs Cooperation for active participation in the implementation of state programs.
– Mr. Nalivayev, how did the Techno Group join the implementation of such technologically complicated and multi-faceted projects as state border buildup?
– I believe we have to begin with 1995 when Techno-St. Petersburg Company, which is a part of our holding, began to closely cooperate with state customers in the sphere of telecommunications. We gradually switched from IT works to complex equipment of objects with technical systems. By 1998 we could definitely call ourselves a systems integrator whose basic activity comprised turn-key projects for state agencies.
– The State Border program can be called without exaggeration one of the most complicated and multifaceted state programs. How did your participation in the program begin and what did your company offer?
– If we speak about technical buildup, we began to deal with the issue yet in 1999 when we were engaged in complex re-equipment of Brusnichnoe international automobile border-crossing point. At that time we had to deal with Roentgen-TV equipment for the first time. Later we accomplished similar complex works on the border. In 2002 we launched pilot operation of the mobile search-and-screening complex in the Northwestern customs department. The obtained knowledge and know-how allowed our company to bid for the construction of the first Russian search-and-screening complex, and in November 2005 a state commission accepted a Roentgen system for vehicles and large-size cargo screening produced by Smiths Heimann and installed by our company at the Troebortnoe international crossing point on the border with Ukraine. Since then all key Russian border-crossing points have been equipped with the latest Roentgen-TV devices. Five years have passed and today not a single conference discussing performance of a border-crossing point can do without statistics and operation indicators of the search-and – screening complexes. The results inspire: their use considerably increases the crossing capacity of the border points and the efficiency of control of goods and vehicles.
– So, during the years you adapted foreign technology to Russian conditions. Which share of the screening complexes is domestically produced?
– At present the Techno Group of Companies cooperates with Smiths Heimann to transfer equipment production technology to Russia and launch domestic production for the internal market. At present over 50 percent of components are produced in Russia, while the screening complexes are finally assembled at the Smiths Heimann facility in St. Petersburg. Thus, we are creating new jobs and engaging domestic designers.
– How do you use your telecom systems integrator experience in the implementation of the program? The main state border protection task is to make communications systems ensure top secrecy.
– We began the work in 2004 when Techno-St. Petersburg was a major contractor to design and build a digital transport network for the Russian Federal Security Service in the North Caucasus.
A transport communication network is the nerve uniting all communication hubs of units and departments. It was an immense responsibility for us. The new transport network had to operate reliably, quickly and uninterruptedly and guarantee transmission of the necessary information volumes. We accomplished a huge amount of work to build up the digital communications network at the given border section which included design and survey, construction and assembly, determination of routes for fiber-optic communication lines and of radio-relay scheme, project design for dozens of major sections of the digital transport (primary) communications network that take into account the specifics of operations in the mountains.
The single information telecom network that combines the advantages of fiber-optic, radio-relay and space channels operates reliably and discloses the potential of inborn capabilities.
As a result, the builders, communication workers, engineers and assemblers of our company joined effort to create a single network that unites border service objects at a distance of over 1500 kilometers from the Black to the Caspian Sea in the difficult conditions of North Caucasus. It was intense work, to say the least. I hope we have other borders in store for us.
– Modernization and upgrading of border infrastructure is a priority in the State Border program for the state. And what is the significance of the project for you and your company?
– The work on the project made us clearly understand what “social responsibility of business” means. As Vladimir Putin said, the border has to unite, not divide. Fifty Techno experts arrived to build communication networks in the Caucasus, and they engaged contractors and provided jobs to hundreds of people. Hired local residents worked side by side with specialists from St. Petersburg and Russian military. Besides earning money for bread, there was a common task to secure peace for all. The Caucasian border became a test range, a major, important, but initial section. Now we have to continue the business and strengthen the borders of the Russian Federation together.
By Maria MALYSHEVA